‘It’s cultural’: South Dakota’s growing senior population is independent, healthy

Now, she says, is a critical time to understand the population. By 2030, 21.3 percent of the population in South Dakota is expected to be 65 years or older, which would be the largest proportion percentage in history. Earlier this decade, from 2011 to 2015, an estimated 14 percent of South Dakota’s population was over the age of 65.

Brown said the report serves as a call to action for the state’s decision-makers, with the hope to see older adults on a more broad basis.

“It’s really about how can we not only meet the needs of older adults but how we can utilize what older adults bring to the table to make our communities strong,” she said.

Much of South Dakota’s 65 and over population is still in the labor force, with 21.7 percent of people still working, above the national average of 17 percent. Between ages 65 and 74, 33.7 percent of people are working.

South Dakota is also above average with older adults reporting no disability. Almost 80 percent of the people between ages 65 and 74 report no disability, with that rate at 60 percent between ages 75 to 84 and nearly 40 percent with no disability at age 85 or older. Brown attributes that to many South Dakotans having a tough attitude and keeping themselves in adequate physical condition.

Brown said there are a few reasons for the expected peak in 2030 and then the 65-and-over population leveling off after that. After the 2030 peak, the estimated 65-plus population is expected to be between 19.6 to 21 percent of the population from 2035 to 2045.

She said children from the baby boomer generation were among the first to be expected to live through their very early years, as newborn death rates have decreased. She said baby boomers were born at a time when the medical community made advances in science regarding vaccinations.

In the future, smaller family size will lead to the numbers of individuals at 65 or older leveling off.

The state also has an interesting balance between older residents living alone and group living arrangements, such as nursing homes, mental hospitals or group homes. The state ranks No. 1 in the country in percentage of older residents living in group settings at 6.6 percent, but the state also ranks sixth nationally regarding people 65 and older who live alone, at nearly 31 percent. South Dakota also ranks fifth in the country among adults who die from falls at age 65 or older.

Brown said that she believes South Dakota has improved in recent years in helping older residents with home-based services, allowing them to remain in their homes and receive an appropriate level of care. Part of that, she said, was about doing a better job of allocating federal dollars to that service.

“We like our own places,” Brown said. “It’s cultural. We continue to maintain that home and if they own it, it’s cheaper. These folks likely have owned their home for a long time and it’s a big part of who they are.”

But much of rural South Dakota continues to deal with nursing home failures, in which providers can’t cover their costs to stay in business because Medicaid reimbursements aren’t adequate. Brown said that can provide an entrepreneurial opportunity to those interested in small towns.

“In a lot of cases, we don’t immediately need a high level of care,” she said. “We’re talking about laundry, snow removal, maybe help with a project or two. There’s opportunities for people to fill those gaps in small towns.”

Dwayne Johnson Slams ‘Fabricated’ Comments About ‘Generation Snowflake’

Dwayne Johnson is speaking out after a fake interview is making the rounds online. 

The Fast and Furious star took to Instagram on Friday to slam a “100 percent fabricated” interview, which claimed he slammed “generation snowflake” for “looking for a reason to be offended.” 

“Earlier today online, an interview dropped, apparently it was with me, where I was insulting and criticizing millennials. The interview never took place, never happened, never said any of those words. Completely untrue. 100 percent fabricated. I was quite baffled when I woke up this  morning,” Johnson said. “I’ve gained such a great trust and equity in all you guys all around the world over the years, and you know it’s not a real DJ interview if I’m ever insulting a group, a generation, or anyone, because that’s not me. And that’s not who I am, and it’s not what we do.”

“So to the millennials, the interview never happened. To the plurals, the baby boomers, the snowflake generation, I don’t even know where that term came from, the tequila generation, that’s a generation I just started, that’s a good one. You’ll want to join it. I always encourage empathy, I encourage growth, but most importantly, I encourage everybody to be exactly who they want to be,” he concluded. 

The Daily Star published what they said was an exclusive interview with Johnson on Friday, in which they alleged he said the current generation was “putting us backward.” “So many good people fought for freedom and equality — but this generation are looking for a reason to be offended,” the outlet claimed Johnson said. “If you are not agreeing with them then they are offended – and that is not what so many great men and women fought for.”

See more on Johnson in the video below. 


Dwayne Johnson Promises to ‘Love and Protect’ Daughters in Sweet Snap

Dwayne Johnson Debuts His 260-Pound ‘Fast & Furious’ Spinoff Physique After 18-Week Training

Dwayne Johnson Shares First Look at ‘Fast and Furious’ Spinoff ‘Hobbs & Shaw’


MIS HERMOSURAS hoy les comparto este video BABY BOOMER con GEL | FÁCIL espero les guste y no olviden suscribirse, regalarme un like y compartir este video



💌 CONTACTO: [email protected]



Why are Republican baby boomers more likely to share #fakenews on Facebook?

Social media doesn’t help people determine what is real and what is fake, but the phrase “fake news” has been used by social scientists to describe fictional articles online and by President Trump himself when he has criticized mainstream media outlets. Facebook

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meanwhile, is struggling to stem the flow of fake news and erroneous memes, and Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg has said the world’s biggest social-media site is making progress in dealing with the problem.

President Trump’s relationship with the media has been acrimonious from the moment he embarked on his campaign for president. Since then he has labeled news outlets that have reported critically on his administration “fake news.” He has described CNN

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and the New York Times

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as “the enemy of the American people.”

The researchers suggest the need for ‘renewed attention’ to educate ‘particular vulnerable individuals,’ such as ageing baby boomers, about fake news.

The good news: Most Facebook users did not share any fake news articles during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign, according to a study released Wednesday, but the small number who did were mostly Republican Americans over the age of 65. The findings suggest the need for “renewed attention” to educate “particular vulnerable individuals,” such as aging baby boomers, about fake news or misleading information that appears to resemble a fact-checked news article, researchers said.

So why are Republican baby boomers more likely to share fake news on Facebook? One theory: As they didn’t grow up with technology, they may be more susceptible to being fooled. (Case in point: The grandparent scam gained some success with Americans because of their lack of familiarity with how computers and technology work. One version involves a person pretending to be a computer technology assistant telling them that they must turn on their computer because it has a virus. The computer, invariably, does not.)

Younger Americans who grew up with the internet, whether Republican or Democrat, may be less overwhelmed by stories that cross their newsfeeds on Facebook and Twitter

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and more adept at spotting tell-tale signs of fake news. “Because of technology, we are inundated by information,” Steven Sloman, professor of cognitive, linguistic and psychological sciences at Brown University, told NPR last year. “We just don’t have time to separate the facts from the falsities. Even fact-checkers don’t have time. A message can go viral before any serious truth filter has been applied. This leads to a positive feedback cycle.”

Most of the Facebook users who shared fake stories (18%) in 2016 were both self-identified Republicans over the age of 65, a new study claims.

To shed light on the issue in the latest study on who was more likely to share misleading facts on Facebook during the 2016 presidential election, Andrew Guess, an associate professor at Princeton University, and his colleagues disseminated an online survey to 3,500 people in three different waves throughout the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign. Of the respondents, 1,331 of the initial wave agreed to share their Facebook profile data, which allowed researchers to analyze the age and political affiliations of those people who were more likely to spread fake news.

The results showed that 90% of these users actually did not share the misleading or fake articles and only 8.5% shared one or more fake news articles. Most of the Facebook users who shared the fake stories (18%) were both self-identified Republicans and over the age of 65, the authors concluded, and these individuals shared nearly seven times as many fake news articles than respondents in the youngest age group, those ages 18 to 29.

Boomers are more likely to be conservative and ideological

Another possible explanation: Older Americans may have felt particularly passionate and entrenched in their political views and, therefore, ideological. For instance, the most ideological members of Congress shared news stories on their Facebook pages more than twice as often as moderate legislators between Jan. 2, 2015, and July 20, 2017, according to a 2018 Pew Research Center study, which examined all official Facebook posts created by members of Congress in this period.

Conservative Republicans made up the largest single partisan and ideological group among boomers, according to the Pew Research Center.

What’s more, baby boomers are more likely to be conservative and ideological, according to data crunched by Pew. “In both 2015 and 2016, about one in 10 baby boomers identified as conservative Republicans — the highest percentages dating back to 2000,” researchers Shiva Maniam and Samantha Smith wrote for Pew. “In both years, conservative Republicans made up the largest single partisan and ideological group among boomers.”

To be fair, older Republicans share more news in general and fake news gets caught up in the mix. Members of Congress with very conservative or very liberal voting records both shared news links in about 14% of all their posts, but members with more moderate ideology scores shared links to news stories in just 6% of their posts, Pew found. Therefore, ideological individuals could share more stories and, simply by their sheer volume, spread more fake stories by accident. (Ideology measures were taken from an analysis of congressional roll call votes compiled by Voteview.com.)

Don’t miss: How biased is your news source? You probably won’t agree with this chart

There may also be a political explanation, a trickle-down effect from the president’s own remarks about the liberal media. Older Republicans could feel more emboldened by President Trump’s comments and, as a result, assume stories that support their causes are accurate. The president has doubled down on the mainstream media’s criticism of his administration in recent times. “The media also has a responsibility to set a civil tone and to stop the endless hostility and constant negative and often times false attacks and stories,” Trump said last year.

People are more likely to believe news that jives with their own beliefs

“Confirmation bias” helps outlandish theories and reports gain traction on social media. And that, psychologists say, is where fake news comes in. With so much noise on social media, how can people distinguish between rumor and reality? Psychologists say people develop defense mechanisms to deal with an uncertain world early in life, but this also draws people to information that seems to confirm their own beliefs and worldview and to ignore reports or opinions that contradict their perceptions.

‘The brain is hard-wired to accept, reject, miss-remember or distort information based on whether it is viewed as accepting of or threatening to existing beliefs.’

Mark Whitmore, Kent State University

“At its core is the need for the brain to receive confirming information that harmonizes with an individual’s existing views and beliefs,” said Mark Whitmore, assistant professor of management and information systems at Kent State University’s College of Business Administration. “In fact, one could say the brain is hard-wired to accept, reject, miss-remember or distort information based on whether it is viewed as accepting of or threatening to existing beliefs.”

Whitmore presented a paper at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association in Philadelphia with his wife, Eve Whitmore, a developmental psychologist with Western Reserve Psychological Associates in Stow, Ohio. They said parents teach children to role play and when these kids reach adolescence they should have developed critical thinking skills that help them distinguish between what is true and false, especially when they read news on social media.

However, many people effectively rationalize the irrational in order to avoid going against what values and ideas that were taught to them by their parents. “Children’s learning about make-believe and mastery becomes the basis for more complex forms of self-deception and illusion into adulthood,” Eve Whitmore said. When people are faced with absurd and conflicting messages, her husband added, “It becomes easier to cling to a simple fiction than a complicated reality.”

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Demolition starts at parts of Va. Beach marina, making way for luxury apartments

VIRGINIA BEACH, Va. — Parts of a long-standing marina have started coming down to make way for luxury apartments. 

Marina Shores Marina is losing two of its popular buildings for business: the dry storage and Yacht Club. Both have been home to hundreds of customers over the years. 

“We’ve had customers here that were here for 20 years,” said manager, Debra Janezeck. “And we had one man that used to bring donuts every single Saturday to the boys in the dry storage who move their boats. He was wonderful.”

The Yacht Club used to hold numerous weddings and the dry storage building would also host concerts. 

The owner of the property decided it was the best move to let the buildings go.

“It was good for her at this time in her life and it was really going to be a good thing for the city,” said Janezeck. 

A 200-unit luxury apartment complex and restaurant will soon take its place. It’s expected to be built in three phases.

“I think the apartments will probably appeal to the baby boomers who maybe want to downsize and be able to travel and keep a boat here at the same time,” Janezeck said. 

Over the years, the development came with some pushback from residents who were concerned with traffic, safety and overcrowding. Some neighbors even drafted a petition. 

Meanwhile, the demolition is expected to last until early April. 

The wet slips, Surf Rider restaurant and pool will stay at the marina and are still operating.

Gillian Jones: We must do better by seniors and senior citizens to come | The Berkshire Eagle

By Gillian Jones

WILLIAMSTOWN — I remember telling a representative with a home health care company that I would put a hospital bed in my living room to take care of my mother before ever putting her in a nursing home. When she got bilateral hip replacement surgeries in 2009, she came straight home from the hospital. My brother and I took turns taking care of her, in her own home.

While she has lived with me for the last several months, she is presently recovering from two surgeries, doing rehabilitation and receiving excellent care in a skilled nursing facility in North Berkshire County. She has had multiple short stays in area nursing homes for respite care, while living with me, and for nearly a year, she resided in a nursing home following a stroke that resulted in severe cognitive impairment.

I have visited nursing homes over the years as part of my job. Whether it was for a picnic, special event or school children singing holiday songs to residents, I’ve been inside skilled nursing facilities more times than I can count.

So it is sad, but not surprising, to hear the claims of abuse and neglect of nursing home residents at Sweet Brook in Williamstown, outlined in a story by Eagle reporter Haven Orecchio-Egresitz on Sunday, Jan. 6.

According to an article in SeniorAdvisor.com on the history of nursing homes, “seniors today have it better than they have at any other point in history. Medical advances mean that most people can count on living longer and more comfortably than in the past. And the senior living options available to people of every class are far superior to what they’ve traditionally been.”

Since the birth of our country, up to the early 20th century, poorhouses or almshouses were places designated for some elderly to reside, and many of them had deplorable conditions as they housed the “undeserved poor.” Poor elderly people often lived alongside the insane, inebriated or homeless.

When Social Security was established in the 1930’s many seniors moved into board-and-care homes where they could rent a room, receive a basic level of care, and expect a couple of meals each day.


In the 1950s skilled nursing facilities or nursing homes were established to give seniors a facility to rehabilitate in, avoiding long stays in a hospital. From then until the 1970s such mandated facilities grew, but abuses occurred. Laws like the 1965 Moss Amendments and 1987 Nursing Home Reform Act were passed to protect residents. From safety codes to comply with, keeping registered nurses on staff, providing transparency to make fraud easier to spot, and a residents’ Bill of Rights, residents could expect a certain level of care and safety.

Once Medicare and Medicaid were introduced in 1965, the federal funding of nursing homes was expanded greatly.

But then in the 1970s, investigators learned that many facilities were providing substandard care to residents. Amendments to the Older American Acts in 1973 and 1987 provided and strengthened nursing home ombudsman programs. Now nursing homes residents and their families had a secure way of voicing any complaints.

Still even today, the mere notion of residing in, or even visiting a nursing home carries dread with it.

All one needs to do is hear the cacophony of call bells and various alarms to know that residents’ needs are outpacing the staff. I’ve been hit with the smell of feces and urine permeating the hallways and witnessed tired, cranky staff trying to do their jobs under the worst of conditions: understaffing. It is hard to stomach the stress on the staff and the confusion of the residents. I suppose if a resident has dementia, they won’t remember anyway. Fortunately, when my mother returns home, she never remembers her stay.

I have spoken to others who have family in nursing homes and heard the sad stories of their loved ones not being well cared for. Everyone seems to know the facility is understaffed and staff turnover is high. What is worse is that many seem to have accepted that this low level of care is well, just the way it is. Have we as a society marginalized our elderly and their care in the twilight of their lives?

A report to Congress prepared by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services estimates that over 91 percent of nursing homes are staffed below the level that is minimally necessary to provide all needed care.

According to an article on increasing the Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement rate to increase staffing, by the Center for Medicare Advocacy, increased reimbursement has led to little change in staffing, or the improvement of wages in those workers involved in direct care. Apparently explicit staffing ratios are required to improve staffing ratios. Sound familiar? Massachusetts voters had a ballot initiative on that issue this past November. It did not pass. Every day Baby Boomers are getting older. A continued strain on our nursing homes seems inevitable. What is the future of our children when they become senior citizens?

Gillian Jones is an Eagle photographer who is writing an ongoing series of opinion page pieces on caregiving. Her email is [email protected]

Gillian L. Jones

Digital Visual Journalist

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Harley-Davidson reveals electric Livewire motorcycle

Most major car brands have now taken the leap into electric powered vehicles and over the next decade electric cars will become much more common on our roads.

Harley-Davidson has now become the first major motorcycle manufacturer to go electric. It’s new Livewire electric sports motorcycle has just been revealed at the 2019 Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, along with electric scooter and dirt bike prototypes.

Livewire is priced at US$29,799 (A$39,190) in its homemarket. It will reach Australia and New Zealand in late 2020.

The world’s oldest motorcycle manufacturer, Harley is celebrating its 115th birthday in 2019, but its traditional customer base of ageing baby boomers is declining, so the Livewire is the first in a series of electric Harleys, marketed under its Twist and Go slogan, designed to appeal to younger, more tech-savvy riders.

media_cameraHarley-Davidson Livewire electric motorcycle will reach Australia in 2020.

Livewire’s electric motor sits underneath a lithium-ion battery. The “Revelation” drivetrain, as Harley calls it, is housed in a lightweight aluminium frame. It’s a serious sports motorcycle, with premium performance components such as fully adjustable Showa suspension, Brembo brakes and Michelin Scorcher tyres. ABS braking and traction control are also standard.

It’s quick, too, with a claimed 0-100km/h time of “under 3.5 seconds”, according to Harley. There’s no clutch and no gears. All you do it twist the throttle on the right handlebar and you’re away. Instead of the old fashioned Harley V-Twin roar under acceleration, Livewire makes what Harley calls a “new, futuristic sound.” When you release the throttle, the electric motor acts as a brake and switches to regeneration mode, charging the battery.

Charging is via sockets on top of the dummy tank. An onboard charger and power cord allow you to plug into a household outlet and charge the bike overnight. Fast charging can be done at a dedicated DC roadside charging station.

media_cameraHarley-Davidson Livewire electric motorcycle will feature fake engine sounds.

Harley claims a range of about 180km for Livewire.

Instead of conventional instruments, Livewire has a car-style infotainment touchscreen, with speed, range and battery charge status readouts, plus selectable music and navigation displays. HD Connect, also standard (with an annual subscription payable after the first year) connects the bike with your smartphone via an app so you can remotely check its location, range, battery status and service requirements, plus find the nearest charging station. An alert is also sent to your phone if the bike is tampered with or moved.

HD Connect will also collect your vehicle usage data, unless you opt out.

Originally published as Harley-Davidson’s surprising new bike

5 ways to teach your kids the art of the deal

The finances of young Americans are not in great shape.

The typical millennial has less than a week of salary (less than $1,000) saved for emergencies and leaves school with more than $37,000 in debt, on average. Many have nothing saved for retirement. Compounding these problems, millennials are also hesitant to negotiate: Only 37% of milennials have ever asked for a raise compared to 48% of baby boomers.

A lot of that comes down to parenting, experts say: Two-thirds of people ages 21 to 35 say their parents didn’t show them how to increase their wealth outside of having a job, a 2018 study from Pittsburgh-based financial services company PNC Investments found, and one-third said their parents did not give them any advice whatsoever.

So how can you do better if you have young children now? Here are the best ways to teach them finances and negotiation.

Don’t miss: How to teach your kids about money so they don’t become materialistic

Start young

Children can negotiate before they can even speak, said Stuart Sopp, chief executive officer of Current, a digital-first banking system for teens. These skills can be seen in children as young as toddlers when they demand food or toys. Parents can harness these habits and begin to set boundaries.

Children can do basic chores like making their bed and picking up toys from a young age, experts say, and the earlier you start to reward these tasks, the better. As the kids gain more responsibility, parents should give them the option to ask for more money — whether through a chore chart or through an app.

“We need to give them tools of negotiation,” Sopp said, noting that the app Current allows kids to digitally ask parents for a raise, selecting new chores or different responsibilities. “The way we deal with money and people has changed.”

Chores and allowance

Help your child make a budget through chores, said Tim Sheehan, co-founder and CEO of Greenlight, a debit-card for minors. “Personal financial management skills are usually not taught in schools, but kids need to learn these skills if they are going to successfully manage their finances later as adults,” he said.

Chores with an allowance, a job with a paycheck, or even running a lemonade stand are all good ways for kids to learn the basics of business value exchange, he said. But be sure to diversify the tasks your child takes on and pay children equally.

Often boys take on more labor-intensive chores and thus are paid more, according to a June 2018 study from app BusyKid. Boys ages 5 to 7 earn 50% more in weekly allowance than girls, the study found. Be sure to monitor which chores your child chooses to keep them equal.

Embrace their innate skills

If you’ve ever cared for a child, you’ve likely experienced their ability to challenge your choices, whether it’s enforcing a bedtime, asking them to finish their food, or making them brush their teeth. Some of these rebellious behaviors can be used for good, Sheehan said. “Kids are natural negotiators, ask any parent,” he said.

This means providing a child with real-life experience: Ask them to do chores and give them opportunities to negotiate. Let your child determine if they have enough money to make a purchase, or make them calculate the check with tip at dinner. If a younger child wants a new toy, or an older child wants a phone, offer them the option to take on more responsibilities in exchange for pay.

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