Voices Behind Walter Lantz 'Andy Panda Revealed

Most fans of Walter Lantz know Andy Panda – a panda that started appearing in cartoons in 1939 – as one of Walter's most popular characters. But, who were the voices behind the bear?

Based on my research, the following actors voiced Andy Panda:
Bernice Hansen (1939-1940)
Sara Berner (1941-1944)
Walter Tetley (1945-1949)
Daws Butler (once in the 1960s cartoon Spook-A-Nanny)

According to Wikipedia, Andy Panda was originally voiced by Hansen from 1939 to 1940, with Berner providing the voice from 1941 to 1944, and Tetley assuming the role until Andy's final short in 1949. Later, Andy Panda made an appearance in the Woody Woodpecker TV special "Spook-A-Nanny" (1964), in which he was voiced by Daws Butler.

Bernice Hansen: According to the site looneytunes.wikia.com , Hansen was best known as a voice artist who did a number of female character voices for Warner Bros. cartoons in the 1930s and early-1940s. She also did male characters that required squeaky voices.

Not only did Hansen voice Andy in his earliest cartoons, Hansen was the voice of Andy Panda in the famous Andy cartoon Knock Knock. This cartoon features the first appearance of Woody Woodpecker. Of course, Woody Woodpecker went on to become Walter Lantz 'biggest cartoon star.

Sara Berner: Berner was a film, television and radio actress. She was also active as a radio and cartoon voice talent, working primarily with Warner Bros., according to Wikipedia. The online database went on to state that she received no screen credit at Warner. Sadly, all on-screen voice credits were given to Mel Blanc at that time.

Examples of Berner's work she was not credited for include the voice of Mama Buzzard in The Bashful Buzzard and Bugs Bunny Gets The Boid, the singing voice of one-time character A. Flea in the 1943 short An Itch in Time and an uncredited role as the female voices in 1947's Book Revue . Of course, she voiced Andy Panda and also Jerry Mouse sometimes.

Walter Tetley: Tetley, who voiced Andy until 49, was a talented actor, according to the site waltertetley.com, a Web site dedicated to the man. The site also states that although he was a good actor, radio and voice-over roles were his expertise.

Tetley became sought after for child roles and to do child-like voices because of an aging disorder that caused him to not age properly. Therefore, Walter Tetley had the features of a 10 year old for more than half his life, his fan site explains.

Besides, speaking for Andy Panda, Tetley is well-known for voicing Mister Peabody's pet boy, Sherman, on the Rocky and Bullwinkle shows.

Daws Butler: Butler, who voiced Andy once, is a famous voice actor, having provided the voices for Yogi Bear, Quick Draw McGraw, Huckleberry Hound and Snagglepuss. Butler also was the voice of Droopy Dog for a few cartoons.

I highly recommend younger viewers who have not had to chance to see Andy Panda cartoons, pick up some of the Woody Woodpecker and Friends DVD sets out for sale at stores and on the Internet. I purchased Woody Woodpecker and Friends Classic Cartoon Collection: Volume 2 and am impressed by the cartoon selections and video quality. Not only will young children enjoy seeing these classic cartoons they have not been exposed to these days. But, Baby Boomers and Generation X folks who grew up on Andy Panda and Woody Woodpecker cartoons through reruns will love seeing their old friends on television again.

Aging baby boomers increasingly embrace marijuana, heavy alcohol use

I wrote earlier this week on how fewer teens are using drugs or alcohol than at any point in the past few decades.

Indeed, while anti-drug PSAs still encourage parents to talk to their teens about drugs before someone else does, two recent studies suggest there’s another high-risk population we should be worried about: our kids’ grandparents.

The first study found that, since 2006, marijuana use has increased significantly among adults age 50 and up. A decade ago, roughly 4.5 percent of people ages 50 to 64, and 0.4 percent of seniors age 65 and up, had used marijuana in the past year. By 2013, those numbers had increased to 7.1 percent and 1.4 percent, respectively.

In percentage terms, marijuana use among 50- to 64-year-olds increased by 57.8 percent, while among seniors ages 65 and up, it ballooned by a whopping 250 percent.

The study, based on over 45,000 responses to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, isn’t the first to note that marijuana use is increasing rapidly among older adults. But it digs more deeply into the demographics of older Americans’ marijuana use, uncovering some interesting findings.

Among the 50 and older set, white (5.1 percent) and black (5.1 percent) Americans are more likely to smoke pot than Hispanics (2.6 percent). Older adults with less than a high school education (5.1 percent) or with less than $20,000 in income (5.4 percent) use marijuana more than average (4.8 percent).

Older folks who are married (4.0 percent) are much more likely to indulge in the occasional toke than those who are divorced or separated (1.6 percent). But those who are single (8.1 percent) or widowed (8.5 percent) outsmoke all the others.

One area of potential concern is the correlation between marijuana use and mental health issues among older adults. Among those 50 and older, people who have had depression (11.4 percent) or anxiety in the past year (9.0 percent) are much more likely to smoke marijuana than average. A number of studies have shown a link between marijuana use and mental disorders.

Given the widespread prevalence of medical marijuana laws (over half of the states, plus D.C., as of this year), some seniors may be turning to marijuana to treat the ailments of old age. Earlier this year, one study found that Medicare reimbursements for a number of common prescription medications dropped sharply after the introduction of medical marijuana laws.

The survey used as the basis of this new study doesn’t differentiate between medical and nonmedical use of marijuana, so it is unclear why more older adults are turning to weed. Medical or not, it’s clear that the rise in marijuana use among older adults is driven by the aging of the baby-boom generation, who dabbled extensively with pot in their youth and may be returning to it in old age for a variety of reasons, according to researchers.

“The trends noted in our study are likely capturing a major transition in the aging of the Baby Boomer generation,” the authors write, “and highlights how this cohort of older adults are different in substance use behaviors compared to the generation before it.” And since there are still plenty of boomers under 65, the trend toward increased drug use in old age is likely to continue in the next decade, they add.

The second paper, recently published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, looks at the prevalence of binge drinking and alcoholism among the same cohort of older adults.

For starters, older adults are still way more likely to drink than they are to smoke pot — 63 percent had drunk alcohol in the past year in the period from 2013 to 2014. But from a public health standpoint, researchers are more concerned about the prevalence of binge drinking — having five or more drinks on the same occasion.

In the period from 2005 to 2006, 12.9 percent of older adults had binged in the past month. By 2013 to 2014, that share had risen to 14.9 percent. Monthly binging was more common among Hispanics (17.2 percent) than other races, among wealthy individuals (20.9 percent), and among those who regularly used tobacco (27.2 percent) or other drugs (35.6 percent).

Marital status affects binge drinking differently than it affects marijuana use. The widowed (8.6 percent) are less likely to binge regularly than married people (14.6 percent). But divorced (18.6 percent) or single (18.3 percent) were the groups mostly likely to binge.

And while older men (21.5 percent) are more than twice as likely to binge drink as older women (9.1 percent), the rate of binging has increased much more rapidly among women in recent years, increasing 44 percent from 2005 to 2006, when only 6.3 percent binge drank.

Public health-wise, an increase in the use of any intoxicating substances — legal or otherwise — carries unique risks for older Americans. Older adults are more likely to be on prescription medications, and those medications — particularly painkillers or antidepressants — may interact negatively with alcohol or marijuana.

Falls are also more likely when you’re drunk or high. A tumble that a 20-something could brush off might prove devastating to a senior citizen.

But New York University’s Joseph Palamar, a co-author on both studies, says he’s worried less about health problems and more about legal and social issues arising from increased senior substance use.

“As always, my biggest concern [related to marijuana use] is the risk for arrest or incarceration,” he said in an interview. Given that the recreational use of pot is still illegal in most states and at the federal level, seniors who smoke weed may face consequences including jail time, asset forfeiture and crippling legal fees stemming from marijuana possession.

“Nobody wants their grandma to be arrested or incarcerated,” Palamar added.

With increased alcohol use — particularly binge drinking — there are also a host of social consequences to consider, he said. At seasonal holiday parties where booze is served, for instance, “the young people have [always had] to worry about doing something inappropriate in front of their bosses.” The new studies suggest that now, “we also have to worry about the boss getting out of hand in front of his or her employees.”

Baby boomer nails : french manucure ombrée avec vernis semi permanentColashood2

Baby boomer nails : french manucure ombrée avec vernis semi permanenteBook gratuit : 12 étapes d’un maquillage de jour réussi :

Comment faire un nailart “baby boomer nails” avec du vernis semi permanent ? Les Baby boomer nails sont des ongles avec une french manucure ombrée / dégradée. Je réalise ici un baby boomer avec du vernis semi permanent très facilement.

Regarde ce baby boomer nails tutorial si :
– Tu veux apprendre à faire un nailart baby boomer avec du vernis semi permanent,
– si tu veux connaitre une technique facile pour changer la couleur de ton vernis semi permanent,
– si tu veux un nailart sophistiqué et féminin qui change de la french manucure.

Abonne-toi pour ne rater aucune des prochaines vidéos beauté 😉


⇢ Pose de vernis semi permanent :

⇢ Comment enlever le vernis semi permanent :

⇢ Autre video sur les baby boomer nails :

⇢Blog beauté :
⇢Chaîne beauté en anglais:

Cette vidéo contient des liens affiliés ce qui signifie que si tu cliques sur l’un des liens affiliés je recevrai une petite commission.

How to Attract a Date?

Date yourself! Yes, the first step to attracting a date is to realistically look in the mirror and consider if you were on the other side, would you date that person.

The second step is to identity five things that make you fun, interesting and appealing and write them down. If you have problems writing down five action words, you should already know you need help. The next step is to turn the paper over and write down five things you believe may hinder you from potentially attracting dates. The items on the back side of the paper are what we want to work on.

While I have no idea what you wrote on your paper, I am going to assume that I will cover at least some of the items in the content that follows. At this point, I am implementing a disclaimer to inform you that I do not have all the answers. The knowledge that I am going to share is based on my experiences and research. I also want to make clear that this writing is about dating only. We need to practice getting past first tier before we move to the next level.

Dating is a necessity in building relationships. Some married couples believe their return to dating helps to keep their romance alive. Dating is a time to communicate interest through discussions that lead to discovery. This should determine if there is a mutual interest. Dating helps you build a relationship before expectations creep in. For this reason, I believe sex too early in the relationship leads to unrealistic assessments and expectations.

Let's talk about how we get to the point where we are attracting dates with a system I call "Sheila's Rules." Rule one; we need to focus on the right thing. Generally, women focus on meeting someone to love and men focus on having sex. If we pay closer attention to what is said and done during the initial meetings instead of focusing on finding a "soul mate" or "sex mate", we increase our chances of developing more meaningful relationships centered on quality.

Rule two, get out and do something besides your daily routine. Unless you are waiting on the mailman / lady, you will never be seen if you are in the house. Change your everyday routine and incorporate something you have not done before. Rule three; always look your very best. Whether you are running an errand, going to the mall or taking a jog around the corner, make sure your hair is combed, clothes neat and breath is fresh. Feeling good about you is an external reflector. Rule four, change that Attitude. A good attitude at the very least makes you approachable. If your attitude says "do not even think about it," most people will not. My best advice is to check the attitude at the door. Rule five, lift the Restrictions. Whether man or woman, too many restrictions are a turn off and also limits the pool of potential date candidates. Truthfully, too many restrictions are like roadblocks, difficult to get around. Rule six; concentrate on meeting people and not one person. You want to focus on people who enhance and enrich your life. There are so many life-enriching activities that are fun and fulfilling with or without a date.

The very first thing I suggested was to look in the mirror. The mirror is best known for helping you make an assessment of yourself. We should be realistic about what we see. Am I conscious of my physical appearance? Do I need to update or refresh my wardrobe? Do I need to visit a professional hairstylist or barber? Is my conversation diverse, uplifting and positive? Is my external beauty a reflection of my positive inner self?

Sheila's last rule is to give yourself a boost of confidence. Set a goal and own it. Some confidence builders are staying in touch with your spirituality, keep reaching higher and always look for opportunities that bless your life. "Building confidence requires the ability to believe in yourself or whatever the goal is you want to achieve. Possessing vision and passion encourages you to enrich your life." Have a great date!

Baby Boomers’ Average Savings for Retirement

Baby boomers are turning 65 at a pace of roughly 10,000 per day, and if you’re a baby boomer who is fast approaching retirement, you might be wondering if you’re on target with your retirement savings goals.

While every baby boomer’s situation is different, understanding how much your peers have set aside for their golden years can help shape your savings plans. Are you on track for financial security in retirement?


The numbers

According to a recent PWC survey, baby boomer retirement savings vary widely, but roughly half of all baby boomers have set aside only $100,000 or less.


Continue Reading Below

More worrisome, over a third of baby boomers have saved less than $50,000 for retirement, and just 15% have accumulated nest eggs north of $500,000, an amount that could generate the kind of retirement income necessary to maintain a retiree’s standard of living.

Those figures suggest that a significant proportion of baby boomers could end up struggling to pay their bills once they retire.Financial planners recommend withdrawing no more than 4% of retirement savings per year for expenses, and at that rate, the baby boomers with accounts smaller than $100,000 will produce less than $4,000 in retirement income annually.

If they withdraw more than 4%, they run a greater risk of outliving their money, yet, it seems very likely that’s what many baby boomers will be forced to do. According to theBureau of Labor Statistics, the average age-65 or older household spent $44,664 last year.

Social Security in retirement

Social Security can bridge some of the gap between income and spending, but Social Security is designed to be a safety net, not the primary source of retiree income.

On average, Social Security replaces roughly 40% of a worker’s pre-retirement income, and in 2017, the average retired worker will collect just $1,360 per month in Social Security benefits. The average couple will pocket $2,260 per month in Social Security in 2017.

Clearly, Social Security will help, but it could still fall short for many, especially since, according to the Social Security Administration,43% of singles and 21% of married couples count on Social Security for 90% or more of their day-to-day living expenses.

Change you can make now

If you’re behind your peers in saving for retirement, even small changes now can have a big, positive impact on your future financial security.

The most retirement-friendly change you can make right now is to amp up your savings in tax-advantaged retirement accounts, including employer-sponsored plans, such as 401(k) and 403(b) plans. Many baby boomers participate in these plans, but they don’t contribute tothem as much as they could, or should. Also, a significant percentage of people are offered these plans, but don’t participate in them.

According to a Transamerica survey released this month, the average contribution rate to employer-sponsored retirement plans is 8%, and 23% of workers who are offered plans don’t enroll in them.

In 2017, participants in these plans can contribute up to $18,000 plus an additional $6,000 if they’re over 50. It’s likely that most baby boomers aren’t contributing at those levels and therefore many would-be retirees could benefit from increasing their contribution rate to 10% or higher. Even increasing your contribution rate by a little can pay off due to compound interest, so schedule time with your manager now to discuss an increase.

The $15,834 Social Security bonus most retirees completely overlook
If you’re like most Americans, you’re a few years (or more) behind on your retirement savings. But a handful of little-known “Social Security secrets” could help ensure a boost in your retirement income. For example: one easy trick could pay you as much as $15,834 more… each year! Once you learn how to maximize your Social Security benefits, we think you could retire confidently with the peace of mind we’re all after.Simply click here to discover how to learn more about these strategies.

Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

New Wave of Nail Techs – Nail Esthetician

More and more nail techs are figuring out that fifty percent of twenty dollars now-a-days is not footing the bill in this hard economic time that were living in today. That basic manicure is just too basic as more and more clients are going natural and staying away from the harsh chemicals such as acrylic and / or gel nails. Walking into your nail salon and / or spa you are now more likely to find that your nail tech are now doing waxing, and a facial while soaking your hands / foot for a manicure and pedicure. Nail Techs are returning to class to learn waxing techniques and skin care.

Pumping out more than an hundred bucks within a hour: for a full brazil bikini wax, designed eyebrow shaping, eyelash tinting, and a mani and pedi to boot! NailEsthetician books are full and they are spending more time with a client which is likely to result in a returned client. You can now find help wanted ads asking that Nail Techs must also do waxing or that Aestheticians know how to do mani's and pedi's. Aniko Salon in Chicago have jumped on board by hiring Aeshetician's that is also a licensed Nail Tech. More and more Salons / spas are now providing the full package from only one tech and it is the ultimate experience for clients to see only one tech which in-turn allows for a bigger tip for the 'one' tech.

As we move to a more "go green" environment and clients become more and more aware that harsh chemicals are no longer needed to make your nails look great; prices began to stand still for the basic manicures. Nail Techs have to become creative and upgrade services like: spa packages with signatures scrubs, paraffin treatments, mani or pedi flex or ask the client if they would like to add a mani to their "just" pedi service or a pedi to their "just "mani service for pennies on the dollar.

Aestheticians are: skin care specialist; not dermatologist or nail techs; they must return to school to get their Nail Tech License and vice versa for Nail Techs if they wish to do skin care. You do not want a Nail Tech cutting your hair if they are only licensed to do nails. Here in Illinois a License Cosmetologist can do skin / nails and / or hair provided that she continues her education or experience beyond school.

Skin care is where the beauty industry is seriously headed as more and more baby boomers and women in general pay more attention to their skin. More and more Aestheticians are working close with dermatologist to also increase their income and Medical Manicurist are popping up slowly but surely. Dermologica: a skin care line, is found in many beauty schools and is popular in spas / salons as student continue their education beyond schooling. There are many more skincare lines that are excellent and Nail Techs and / or Aestheticians should return to school for licensing to learn the minors such as face mapping and / or the many conditions of the nail.

Waxing is a huge income for salons / spas as more and more men began to wax their face as oppose to shaving; which happens to last much longer than shaving; OUCH! So as more and more Nailaesthetician pop up and our clients become more aware of environmentally eco-friendly products; moving away from harsh smelly chemicals; nails techs should not sway away from their love of providing mani's and pedi's just jump on board and become a nailesthetician to boost your income.

Local Baby Boomers’ Estates Could Have Huge Impact on CNY if Small Percent Goes to Community

As people think about holiday giving…they might want to think about the legacy they can create long-term.  Central New York’s Baby Boomers will be leaving behind billions of dollars over the next decade, according to a study of local personal worth.  Even a small percentage of that wealth, if bequeathed to charities and other non-profits, could make a big difference in the community.

Linda Dickerson Hartsock has spent a lot of time thinking about – and working for – a better community.  She’s had jobs in community development in the Hudson Valley…and has worked here in Syracuse and at her home in Homer on revitalization, helping youth and improving things.  When the baby boomer hit a milestone birthday, it caused her to think about it a bit further.

“What’s the legacy we want to leave behind, particularly if we’ve been folks who are really active, as this generation has been?  We’re the generation that started out in the 60s and 70s as the idealist generation, who wanted to change the world.  It’s kind of nice to come full circle and think about how we do that at this point in our lives.”

Hartsock decided to set up a fund to have some of her estate, once she passes on,  go for things she believed in and worked toward.  Part of the process of setting up the fund at the Central New York Community Foundation was writing a letter: what’s important to her…and what might happen with what she’s leaving behind.

“It also became a document that I shared with my children, so that they had a better sense of who I was and what I did and what was important to me.  And it was such a rich, meaningful experience to do.  You’d think it would be sad or poignant; it wasn’t.  It was completely uplifting to be able to do this.”

We’ll get back to Linda’s story in a minute.

Community foundation Executive Director Peter Dunn says there’s a lot of wealth in the personal estates and accounts of people here in CNY.   How much?  A 2011 study by the Center for Rural Entrepreneurship found total net worth of people in our five-county region totaled 57 (B) billion dollars.

“About 40 %, a little over $20 billion, is going to transfer over a 10-year period…so that’s a significant amount of community wealth.  And that made us think about, ‘o.k. where’s that going to go?  And when people have decisions to make about how they allocate their resources, irrespective of the size of the estate and the financial resources they might have, what kind of decisions are they going to make?’”

To whit…How might that affect their community?  Well here’s an example

Tymeik Johnson has been coming to the Boys and Girls Club of Syracuse for years…does homework, gets some recreation…and some opportunities he might not otherwise.

“We earn to go places, when we do good.  We go to places like a Christmas party or to Lights on the Lake.”

Tymeik’s a fifth grader…India Jackson is a seventh grader who comes after school.

“I do homework.  I help out, we do games with the little kids and we have fun.  I like Smart Girls.  When the girls get together, we do a lot of stuff and we talk about what we should do when we get older.” 

Smart Girls and Passport to Manhood are for leadership and self-confidence; a STEM program and Career Prep help with learning and build job skills.  Boys and Girls Club Development Director Jennifer Jock says the programs are valuable for a number of reasons.

“We want to make sure that we are providing educational and enrichment programs.  But more than that I think a lot of people don’t realize that our kids live in poverty and they’re hungry every single day.  We feed them every day a snack and dinner after school and during the summer we feed the breakfast, lunch and dinner.”

Collaborations with the food bank and other partners help…but Jock says individual and foundation donors  are also essential. 

“I think when they actually set foot in these doors and they see what the kids go through day-in and day-out, and then we’re here as a safe-haven, that safe environment, make sure our kids understand healthy life skills, becoming responsible citizens.” 

When people think about what to do in charitable giving or estate planning they might see an attorney like Ann Ruffer, a partner at MacKenzie Hughes Law firm in Trusts and Estates. 

“I don’t tell anybody what to do, however, I will ask them if they are charitably inclined.  And if somebody (notes), ‘Yes I’m charitably inclined, but I’m not sure how to set something up,’ I will suggest things they can research further.”

Of course they might have an affinity for a charitable organization with which they were involved…a college or medical institution, a religious group or one that helps animals or children.  But Ruffer finds not everyone thinks of their community.

“There are people that live here, but because people move around so often, their children don’t live here.  So when they leave their wealth to their children, that money is going to leave the community.  It is an astounding figure to think how much wealth can leave the community.” 

Don’t even mention that to the Community Foundation’s Peter Dunn.  Their 5 for C-N-Y campaign is trying to get five percent of people’s estates left to organizations within this community.  ANd you want to hear the astounding impact that can have?  Remember that amount from before…20 billion dollrs of wealth being transferred over the next decade or so?  Well 5 percent of that is about one billion dollars that Dunn says could be game changing ?  

“If that billion dollars was endowed, spending 5% of the asset value each year, that would be $50 million a year.  For comparison purposes, if you were to add up all the foundation assets in this region, currently it’s around $500 million.  So that would be twice the value of all our philanthropic foundations in this community.”  

We heard about the Boys and Girls Club…Another example of where that money could go is “Say Yes to Education.”  What’s now a 30 million dollar endowment for Say Yes, Dunn says, is immensely valuable.

“We don’t have annual-itis , where every year you have to find the money again.  For $30 million we have permanently paid for college education for thousands of kids — for generations.”

Or how about a more thriving arts scene…Dunn says most local cultural institutions don’t have much in the way of endowments, which could be developed with more assets.   He adds the same impact might be seen in poverty, animal welfare and other areas. 

You might be thinking ‘that money we’re trying to spend on the community really belongs to the children or other heirs’ – well, you’re right.  And estate attorney Ann Ruffer says, mix money and family?  Well…?

“Now I have seen families conflict on the transfer of wealth.  Particularly it seems when the second parent passes away, there can be issues with the siblings so you just hope there is a good plan in place, that the documents are all in order.  If there’s going to be conflict it will be there.  It’s deep-seated.” 

But it doesn’t have to be.  Certainly advanced planning … and advanced warning can help.  Remember Linda Hartsock?  …she had the same worry when she told her children that some of their inheritance was being pledged for community causes…but she got a surprise.

“They were absolutely overjoyed…because let’s be honest, this isn’t my money; this is their money.  Particularly the Boomer generation, because we grew up with depression-era parents, who did everything for us, and we have this sense that we really want to provide for our children.  But I said to them, ‘you know, this isn’t my money; this is your money.”

Of course, She reminded them only five percent was pledged for a fund – in fact, one son wondered why not more?   That certainly went better than many might expect…and Hartsock understands why it  hasn’t come up in many families.

“I think everybody’s naturally anxious thinking about that last chapter of their life and what their legacy is and what that means.  People who don’t necessarily think of themselves as high-net-worth individuals, to think about how collectively those kind of gifts can make a huge, huge, huge community impact.”  

Who’s probably thinking community when considering how to bequeath their assets?  Well, Peter Dunn finds folks who don’t have children are most likely to leave money to community organizations directly or through a foundation. 

Full disclosure, WAER does get support from the Central New York Community Foundation at times…including their Five-for-C-N-Y program.  But everyone we spoke with for this story is concerned that in financial planning people might not think of the local charities and causes important to them.  And virtually every charitable, educational, religious, cultural, environmental and service organization can appreciate how much it might help. 

A Baby Boomer’s pot dilemma

In a guest column, Pete O’Brien says he didn’t do the things in his youth that Baby Boomers are known for, esp. smoking pot. Now that marijuana is legal in Washington state, O’Brien says that he has a dilemma:

The stereotype of baby boomers is that our youth was all about sex, drugs and rock ’n roll. The truth is that for many of us, it was more like student body council, A&W root beer and The Carpenters.

“Born to Be Wild”? More like “Born to Wear a Pale Yellow Tux to the Junior Prom.”

The closest I came to counterculture in high school was when I scored free tickets to see Ozzie Osborne and Black Sabbath in the old Coliseum. The behavior of the concert crowd shocked me so much that I went to confession every week for a month.

So the legalization of marijuana has created a dilemma. It’s legal, so I guess it’s OK to try it. But will I end up like those guys from Mercer Island in my dorm who got stoned every night and flunked out of WSU? What if my co-workers find out? Will I get fired if I don’t pass a drug test? More here.

Question: Would you try pot if it was legal to do so in Idaho?

How to Become a Home Health Care Nurse

Home Health Care Nursing Information and Overview

Home health care is allowing the patient and their family to maintain dignity and independence. According to the National Association for Home Care, there are more than 7 million individuals in the United States in need of home health care nurse services because of acute illness, long term health problems, permanent disability or terminal illness.

Home Health Care Basics

Nurses practice in a number of venues: Hospital settings, nursing homes, assisted living centers, and home health care. Home health care nursing is a growing phenomenon as more patients and their families desire to receive care in their homes. The history of home health care stems from Public Health Nursing where public health nurses made home visits to promote health education and provide treatment as part of community outreach programs. Today academic programs train nurses in home care and agencies place home health care nurses with ailing individuals and their families depending on the nurse's experience and qualifications. In many cases there is a shared relationship between the agency and the academic institution.

Many changes have taken place in the area of ​​home health care. These include Medicare and Medicaid, and Long Term Care insurance reimbursement and documentation. It is important for the nurse and nursing agency to be aware of the many factors involved for these rules and regulations resulting from these organizations. Population and demographic changes are taking place as well. Baby boomers approaching retirement and will present new challenges for the home health care industry. Technology and medical care in hospitals has lead to shorter inpatient stay and more at-home rehabilitation. Increases in medical outpatient procedures are also taking place with follow-up home care. This has resulted in the decrease of mortality rate from these technologies and medical care has lead to increases in morbidity and chronic illness that makes the need for home health care nursing a greater priority.

Home Health Care Nurse Job Description

Through an array of skills and experience, home health care nurses specialize in a wide range of treatments; emotional support, education of patients who are recovering from illnesses and injury for young children and adults, to women who have experienced recent childbirth, to the elderly who need palliative care for chronic illness.

A practicing nurse must have the skills to provide care in a unique setting such as someone's home. The nurse is working with the patient and the family and must understand the communication skills for such dynamics. Rapport is evident in all nursing positions, but working in a patient's own living space needs a different level of skill and understanding. There is autonomous decision making as the nurse is no longer working as a team with other nurses in a structured environment, but is now as a member of the "family" team. The host family has cultural values ​​that are important and are different for every patient and must be treated with extreme sensitivity. Other skills include critical thinking, coordination, assessment, communication, and documentation.

Home health care nurses also specialize in the care of children with disabilities that requires additional skills such as patience and understanding of the needs of the family. Children are living with disabilities today that would have resulted in mortality just twenty years ago. Genetic disorders, congenital physical impairments, and injury are just a few. Many families are familiar with managing the needs of the child, but still need expert care that only a home health care nurse can provide. It is important that a home health care nurse is aware of the expertise of the family about the child's condition for proper care of the child. There are many complexities involved, but most important, a positive attitude and positive reinforcement is of utmost importance for the development of the child.

Medication coordination between the home health care nurse, doctor, and pharmacist, ensures proper management of the exact science behind giving the patient the correct dose, time of administration, and combinations. Home health care nurses should be familiar with pharmacology and taught in training about different medications used by patients in the clinical setting.

Many advanced practicing nurses are familiar with medication regiments. They have completed graduate level programs. Home health care agencies believe that a nurse should have at least one year of clinical experience before entering home health care. Advanced practicing nurses can expedite that training by helping new nurses understand the home health care market and teaching.

Employment and Salary

According to the United States Department of Labor, there were 2.4 million nurses in America, the largest healthcare occupation, yet many academic and hospital organizations believe there is a gross shortage in nursing staff. The shortage of nurses was 6% in 2000 and is expected to be 10% in 2010. The average salary for hospital nursing is $ 53,450 with 3 out of 5 nursing jobs are in the hospital. For home health care, the salary is $ 49,000. For nursing care facilities, they were the lowest at $ 48,200.

Training and continuing education

Most home health care nurses gain their education through accredited nursing schools throughout the country with an associate degree in nursing (ADN), a Bachelor of Science degree in nursing (BSN), or a master's degree in nursing (MSN). According to the United States Department of Labor, in 2004 there were 674 BSN nursing programs, 846 ADN programs. Also, in 2004, there were 417 master's degree programs, 93 doctoral programs, and 46 joint BSN-doctoral programs. The associate degree program takes 2 to 3 years to complete, while bachelors degrees take 4 years to complete. Nurses can also earn specialized professional certificates online in Geriatric Care or Life Care Planning.

In addition, for those nurses who choose to pursue advancement into administrative positions or research, consulting, and teaching, a bachelor's degree is often essential. A bachelor's degree is also important for becoming a clinical nurse specialist, nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners (US Department of Labor, 2004).

All home health care nurses have supervised clinical experience during their training, but as stated earlier advanced practicing nurses hold master's degrees and unlike bachelor and associate degrees, they have a minimum of two years of post clinical experience. Course work includes anatomy, physiology, chemistry, microbiology, nutrition, psychology, and behavioral sciences and liberal arts. Many of these programs have training in nursing homes, public health departments, home health agencies, and ambulatory clinics. (US Dep. Of Labor, 2004).

Whether a nurse is training in a hospital, nursing facility, or home care, continuing education is necessary. Health care is changing rapidly and staying abreast with the latest developments enhances patient care and health procedures. Universities, continuing education programs, and internet sites, all offer continuing education. One such organization that provides continuing education is the American Nurses Association (ANA) or through the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC).


There are many rewards to becoming a home health care nurse. Some rewards include the relationship with a patient and their family, autonomy, independence, and engaging in critical thinking. The 21st Century brings with it many opportunities and challenges. We must meet these challenges head on – there is an aging baby boomer population, a growing morbidity factor due to increased medical technology and patient care, and the growing shortage in nursing care.

Becoming a home health care nurse today is exciting and an opportunity to make a difference one life at a time. With clinical experience and proper education, a home health care nurse will lead the future of medical care.